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Frequently Asked Questions About Cartooning

Cartooning FAQ by Randy Glasbergen

1. HOW DID YOU GET STARTED IN CARTOONING?

I drew all the time as a kid and began to take a serious interest in
cartooning in junior high school. I wrote to all of my favorite
cartoonists, read lots of books about cartooning and practiced my
ideas and art every day. I made my first professional cartoon sale to a magazine
at age 15 and gradually built up my career over the years, stacking one
small accomplishment on top of another, branching out into different
types of cartooning whenever the opportunity came along. I went to
college for one year, a journalism major, then began freelancing as a magazine gag cartoonist
full-time at age 19 in Utica, NY . Although I started young and was able to earn a
modest living from cartooning, my career didn’t really kick into high gear until
I reached my mid-thirites. There are few overnight success stories among cartoonists.

2. HOW MUCH DO CARTOONISTS EARN?

It varies from one cartoonist to the next. An animator or greeting
card artist who works on staff for a large company like Hallmark Cards,

American Greetings or Disney Animation Studios will earn a traditional  salary with benefits.

Plus they get to work in a creative environment with other artistic people.

Unlike the self-employed freelancer, a staff cartoonist will probably have health insurance coverage,

some type of retirement plan, scheduled vacation time…and a steady paycheck…but his income will

be limited to whatever his employer decides to pay.

A comic strip cartoonist’s income is based on the number of papers his
strip appears in. Small papers pay less than $5 per week for a comic
and large papers pay higher fees of $10, $20, $50 or more for a week’s
worth of cartoons. All fees are split 50-50 with the syndicate that
distributes the work (the agent). Some syndicated cartoonists appear
in 1000+ newspapers and earn high incomes, but many appear in less than
100 newspapers and earn a modest living. It’s not uncommon for a comic
strip artist to hold down a day job of some kind while his comic strip
grows a larger client list. If you’re doing a  successful comic strip
that appears in hundreds of newspapers  your share of the gross
receipts could be $1000, $2000, $3000 or more per week  (more or less,
depending on the size of the papers and how much each pays), which many would
consider a pretty good income. Books, calendars and other merchandise
featuring your characters may increase your income even further.

A self-employed freelance cartoonist will live from one sale to the
next (doing all sorts of project work) and his income will fluctuate
from week to week, month to month, year to year. One freelancer might
earn less than $5,000 a year and another might earn $100,000 or more
depending on how successful they are, what types of projects they work
on, etc. A successful self-employed freelancer doing web comics, children’s books,
greeting cards, magazine cartoons, advertising art, etc, may actually earn more
than the average comic strip artist or staff cartoonist.

Many cartoonists earn a good middle class or upper middle class
living, but very few cartoonists are “wealthy”…there may be a
handful of top syndicated cartoonists in this category and a few like
Matt Groening (“The Simpsons”) who score big in television.

3. WHAT KIND OF TRAINING DO I NEED TO BE A PROFESSIONAL CARTOONIST?

Some cartoonists go to art school and some have no formal cartooning
education at all. Many cartoonists start out as teachers, engineers,
psychologists, factory workers, etc. Most have natural talent and
begin cartooning as a hobby and eventually leave their jobs to cartoon
full time. You can study to be a cartoonist at specific cartooning
colleges, such as The Kubert School in New Jersey, Ringling College in
Florida or The School of Visual Arts in New York City or you can teach
yourself with books, classes, and years of practice. Remember that a
good cartoonist is a writer who can draw, not an artist who can
write….so be sure to practice creating funny ideas too!

4. HOW CAN I START SELLING MY OWN CARTOONS?

In a nutshell, the process is pretty simple. 1) Write some funny ideas
2) Turn those ideas into cartoons with your drawings 3) Mail
photocopies to publishers who print similar work 4) Start working on
something new. If your work is good, you’ll begin to sell your
cartoons to magazines, greeting card companies, web sites, or other
suitable clients. Or send your work to a comic strip syndicate…if they
reject you, try again with a new idea and cast of characters. Do this
again and again, year after year, and you’ve got yourself a cartooning
career. Along the way, you’ll need to learn about copyrights, contract
negotiations, billing, and the general business of cartooning…but that
will come to you with research and experience. The Graphic Artists
Guild
publishes a Pricing and Ethical Guidelines book that is very
helpful.

A good web page can also help you attract a fan base and open new
doors of opportunity. This is probably the best way to get started
these days. In addition to building a fan base for your work, your
website may attract the attention of editors or sponsors who can help
you start generating income. You can set up a Cafe Press shop with
your cartoons and place Google or Yahoo ads on your site to bring in
some income.

5. WHAT KIND OF COMPUTER DO I NEED TO DRAW CARTOONS?

You don’t need a computer to draw cartoons. Most cartoons are
still drawn by hand at wooden drawing boards and I know of no software
program than can replace that. However, computers are a great way to
add color to your cartoons, animate them, add special effects, and
there are a variety of programs available you can try. You can also
use a computer to scan your cartoons, convert them to digital files
and put them on the web or send them to others by e-mail. These days I
deliver many of my cartoons by e-mail attachment and they print
perfectly. You can use a Windows PC or a Macintosh computer to do
cartoon graphics, but most professional cartoonists feel that Apple
Macintosh computers are still the fastest and easiest (and safest) way
to do graphics. Computers have revolutionized the business of
cartooning and it’s wise to become well acquainted with all sorts of
computer graphics, electronic digital cartooning, e-mail attachments,
web pages, web graphics, etc. I use an Apple iMac computer running the
latest Mac operating system with a 27 inch monitor, Brother scanner
and Lexmark color laser printer. I primarily use Colorize and Photoshop for
creating digital versions of my cartoons.

6. HOW DO YOU GET YOUR CARTOON IDEAS?

I’ve always enjoyed writing and it was one of my best subjects in high
school and college. But mostly I learned to write cartoon ideas by
practicing … and by reading as many cartoons as I could find by as
many different cartoonists as possible. Starting out, I used to walk
around my home town and challenge myself to find something funny about
things I saw on the street (a phone pole, a dead squirrel, a broken
fence, a crack in the sidewalk, etc)…it was fun game to play and
good training. These days, most of my ideas are based on things that I
read, things I see on television, or topics I hear people discussing
in conversations. Often ideas just come from everyday experiences.

Most of the time I just sit down with some resource material and a
note pad…if I’m writing computer cartoons, I’ll grab a couple
computer magazines and flip through the pages looking for subjects to
write about. Or if I’m doing cat cartoons, for example, I might read a
book of cat cartoons or some cat magazines and look for inspiration
there. Mostly, I think it’s important to write about things people can
relate to and recognize in their own lives. People like to read about
themselves, so they’re likely to prefer a cartoon about families or
work to something weird about a talking lasagna. (More on this topic)

7. WHAT IS YOUR DAY LIKE?

A typical work day for me begins at 5:00 AM. Due to the high volume of
e-mail I receive, I spend about two hours early every morning reading
and answering e mail…I also upload my daily web page cartoon around
6:00 AM. After breakfast, I draw for a couple of hours, then go to the
post office to check my snail mail. At 10:30 or 11:00 AM I grab a big
cup of coffee, a yellow pad and a pencil and start writing.

After an hour or two, I usually have 10 ideas written, then I break for lunch.
After lunch I draw my cartoons until 5:00 or 6:00PM. (Many days the business of
cartooning takes priority over the art of cartooning…on those days I
do invoices, fill orders, answer e-mail and have very little time for
drawing.) Some days differ a bit, depending on what projects I’m
working on, but this is a typical day. During my free time, I enjoy
spending time with my family and dogs. I have no interesting
hobbies or exciting vices to tell about.

8. WHAT MATERIALS DO YOU USE?

Every cartoonist uses different tools. I do my line art with a black Flair
felt tip pen on 24 pound Southworth bond paper. I scan my work and add
color with an Apple iMac computer and a Wacom graphics tablet.

9. WHAT CARTOONISTS INSPIRED OR INFLUENCED YOU MOST?

When I was in high school, “Hagar The Horrible” was brand new and the
original cartoonist was Dik Browne (he passed away a few years ago and
his son does the strip now with a staff of assistants). Dik Browne’s
Hagar was an inspiration…solid ideas, great drawings, strong graphic
appeal. I also read a lot of magazine cartoons growing up and was
influenced by Henry Martin and Sam Gross. Children’s book illustrator
Jared Lee (“Teacher From The Black Lagoon”) was a generous and
friendly mentor when I started out, teaching me about the value of a
widely diversified freelance career.

IF YOU’D LIKE TO LEARN MORE ABOUT CARTOONING, I have written
three books on the subject. In my cartooning instruction books you’ll find
much lengthier answers to these questions and many more. My books are
all published by North Light Books and available @ www.amazon.com

The titles of my books are…

“How To Be A Successful Cartoonist” (Detailed answers to just about
every question you can think of about a cartooning career. Info on
education, training, tools, income, copyrights, ideas, writers block,
animation, greeting cards, children’s books, comic strips, magazine
cartoons, comic books, political cartoons, creating characters,
writing ideas, much more. Plus personal advice and guidance from about
40 of today’s top cartoonists including Charles Schulz, Lynn Johnston,
Tom Cheney, Bil Keane, Bill Griffith, Rick Kirkman, Bud Grace, John
McPherson, Mort Walker, Tom Wilson, many others. Published 1996)
Available in stores or by mail order @ 1-800-289-0963 or you can order
direct from your computer @ http://www.amazon.com for delivery
anywhere in the world.

“TOONS!” 128 pages of drawing lessons plus an in-depth study of
contemporary cartooning styles and techniques of the pros. Created to
be the most modern how-to-draw cartoon book available. Find TOONS! in
the art section of your local book store or order by phone @ 1-800
289-0963 You can also order online direct from your computer @ http://www.amazon.com
(Amazon.com Online Bookstore).

“Getting Started Drawing and Selling Cartoons” This book is currently
out of print, but can still be found at your public library or at amazon.com

Randy Glasbergen, Cartoonist. E-mail: randy@glasbergen.com

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Cartooning Advice For Beginners

Every week I get a few e-mails asking me for advice on how to become a cartoonist. Here are a few of the most common questions:

Q: What kind of training do I need to become a professional cartoonist?

A: None! Most cartoonists are self-taught. They grew up doodling and drawing because they enjoyed it. They copied their favorite comic strips,  bought some How To Draw Cartoons books, maybe took an art class or two along the way, but mostly learned by practicing day after day, year after year. I interviewed dozens of top cartoonists for my book How To Be A Successful Cartoonist (North Light Books) and they all started out as something else, a teacher, an engineer, a psychologist, a grocer, college professor, etc. Cartooning usually begins as a hobby, then becomes a career when it generates enough income to support a home or family.  Learning how to draw is important for a cartoonist, but learning how to write funny ideas is also important (probably more important) so it’s necessary to practice both!

Q: How can I start selling my own cartoons?

A: The best way to get started is to get started. Sit down, write some ideas, then draw funny pictures to illustrate your idea. When you’ve done a dozen or so, send them to a company that publishes something similar. If you’ve done some single-panel magazine style cartoons, send them to a magazine like The New Yorker or Woman’s World. If you’ve done a comic strip, send it to a comic strip syndicate like King Features, Creators Syndicate or Universal Press. If you’ve created some fun greeting cards, mail them to Recycled Paper Greetings or other greeting card company. (Always mail photocopies, never sent original art.) Then forget about all of it and start over with something new to send out. Do this over and over, week after week, month after month. Your work may not be very good at first and you may get plenty of rejection, but you’re probably going to improve with time so keep at it. As you get started, it can be very hard not to get discouraged and quit, but your favorite cartoonists got past this point and you can do it too.

Another great way to get started is to create a web page to showcase your cartoons.  In addition to building a fan base for your work, your website may attract the attention of editors or sponsors who can help you start generating income. You can also set up a Cafe Press shop to sell cartoon merchandise or place Google ads on your site to bring in some cash. If you’re into non-traditional cartoons made especially for Internet readers, I highly recommend How To Make Web Comics by Scott Kurtz and Kris Straub. If your work is good, readers will share it with their friends and family and your popularity will grow.

New technology and devices may open up more opportunities for cartoonists and new ways to display your own work. Cartoon apps for the iPhone are a cutting-edge way to self-publish. Tablet computers like the Kindle and iPad have the potential to revolutionize the way we read our newspapers and magazines, which could lead to fresh opportunities for new cartoonists and established professionals.

Q: What kind of computer do I need to draw cartoons?

A: Although some cartoonist like Scott “Dilbert” Adams draw and assemble their cartoons on a computer, you really don’t need a computer to draw cartoons. Most cartoons are still drawn the old fashioned way with pencil and pen, sheets of paper, and a big wooden drawing table. Once you’ve drawn your cartoon, computers are a great way to enhance your work with color, Flash animation, Photoshop effects. You’ll also want to scan all of your cartoons to keep a digital copy on file for your website and e-mail. I use a Canon 8800F scanner, not very expensive and works great for cartoon line art. My computer is a 24-inch iMac with a Brother color laser printer (MFC-9840CDW). For my drawings, I use ordinary pencils, black felt-tip Flair pens, and Southworth 100% cotton 24 pound paper.

If you’d like more information about the art and business of cartooning, look for my books at your public library or on Amazon.com. The titles are How To Be a Successful Cartoonist, Getting Started Drawing and Selling Cartoons and Toons! How To Draw Wild and Lively Characters For All Kinds of Cartoons. Each book features interviews and advice from top professional cartoonists like Lynn Johnston, Rick Kirkman, Tom Cheney, Charles Schulz, Bil Keane, John McPherson, Mort Walker and Brian Crane.

Glasbergen Cartoon Service is a cartoon bank of more than 2500 cartoons, cartoon stock for any occasion, a cartoon resource for any type of print or electronic media. Specializing in business cartoons, health and fitness cartoons, medical cartoons, education cartoons, family cartoons, love and marriage cartoons, lawyer cartoons, real estate cartoons, holiday cartoons and animal cartoons. Custom cartoons are available with cartoonist for hire service. Glasbergen Cartoon Service is the exclusive online distributor of cartoons by Randy Glasbergen, one of America’s most widely and frequently published freelance cartoonists. Continue reading
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Where Do You Get Your Ideas?

The most frequently asked question any cartoonist hears is…

Where do you get your ideas?

Since I do this for a living, I can’t sit around waiting for the Inspiration Fairy to fly in my window. I must think up several new cartoon ideas every day. I find it helps to have a reliable routine. If my routine worked for me yesterday, I can assume it will work for me again today. I start by refilling my coffee cup, then I grab a yellow legal pad and pencil, and some sort of idea-stimulator like a magazine, an old cartoon book, or an article on the web. Most days I start writing ideas around 10:30 AM and finish before lunch.

An ad in a business magazine about a company’s environmental policies might start me thinking in that direction about going green, whether the company is sincere or just chasing a politically correct trend, where to find money for this sort of thing in a tight economy, other things that are green (frogs, money, eyes, cupcakes, boogers, envy, etc). After a few minutes of brain storming, I’ll start jotting down ideas and after an hour or two I usually have 10-15 new cartoon ideas. After lunch I’ll look at the ideas again, draw up a few and put the others aside to maybe draw some other time if I think they’re good enough.

The idea always comes before the drawing. (Without an idea I wouldn’t know what to draw.) While I draw, I often re-write and edit my cartoon captions, trying to make them better in some way, shorter, easier to understand, funnier wording.

You might not realize it to look at me, but I exercise almost every day because it stimulates the creative process. In my experience, physical energy and creative energy are inseparable. When I’m feeling energetic, I write better. When I’m tired, my writing suffers. If I’m feeling sluggish on some days, a 15-20 minute walk around the block will usually help. I imagine this is true for any type of creative idea work, whether it’s a project at work or school, a sermon, a magazine article, whatever.

I’ll answer some other questions in future editions of the blog. If you have any questions or suggestions, I’d love to hear from you!

Glasbergen Cartoon Service is a cartoon bank of more than 2500 cartoons, cartoon stock for any occasion, a cartoon resource for any type of print or electronic media. Specializing in business cartoons, health and fitness cartoons, medical cartoons, education cartoons, family cartoons, love and marriage cartoons, lawyer cartoons, real estate cartoons, holiday cartoons and animal cartoons. Custom cartoons are available with cartoonist for hire service. Glasbergen Cartoon Service is the exclusive online distributor of cartoons by Randy Glasbergen, one of America’s most widely and frequently published freelance cartoonists.
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